Halkaan ka dhagayso wixii faahfaahiina buuga uu cabdiraxmaan qoray hoose
Qoraha: AbdulRehman Sh. Mohamed Hassan – Gablax oo laga heli karo firstname.lastname@example.org iyo facebook “Abdul Rehman Sh. Mohamed – Gablax”
Buugga magaciisa: Managing Failure on the Road to Success
Somalia xalkeedu inuu ku jiro dowlad Fadarali ah oo aan la is khasbin
In ay ku haboontahay inaan dowlad goboleedyada laga badin afar gobol oo uu mid waliba asagu is maamulo
Puntland oo tusaale loogu soo qaatay sidii gobol loo maamuli lahaa khayraadkiisana loo soo saari lahaa ayadoo la adeegsanayo bulshada oo dib loo habeeyo, iyo dhaqaalaha oo la xoojiyo.
Somaliland in dib loola furo heshiiskii 1960-kii loona oggolaado waxyaabo badan oo ay ka mid tahay caasimadda oo loo wareejiyo woqooyiga si aan waddanka loo kala goynin Somaliyana looga ilaaliyo dhawaca uu kala go’u u keeni karo.
Buuggaani wuxuu ku qoranyahay afka Ingiriisiga waana ay fiicnaan lahayd in ay soo baxdo cid u turjumta af Somali oo soo saarta asagoo af Somali ku qoran. Waa u fasaxantahay ciddii af Somali ku qoraysaa laakiin waa inaan aragno oo hubinaa darajada turjumada inta aan la daabicin. Halkaan ka aqrista taariiqdiisa
Buuggaan waxaa laga heli karaa oo laga dalban karaa jumlo iyo tafaariiqba:
Sh. Abdinasir Jama Warsame
Afrique Supermarket Tel: 612-343-0245 or 612-481-2877
Jaamacadaha ku yaal Somalia meel kasta oo ay ahaataba waxaa mid kastaa dalban kartaa 50 afartan copy oo hadiyad ah. Waxay iska bixinayaan qiimaha raridda oo ah nuskhadiiba 2 dollar waxayna ka dalban karaan rugaha kor ku xusan.
Cududdaar baan ka bixinayaa in yar oo spelling errors ah oo ku jira back page-ka oo xilligii daabacaadda galay iyo farta oo yarehe ka yar-yar sidii aan jeclayn. Waa sixi doonnaa meelahaas insha Allah.
Halkaan waxaa ka bilaabanaya bandhigga buugga. Buuggu waa 21 chapter waxaanad hoos ka heli kartaa shaxda chapter-rada (Table of contents) iyo hor u dhaca oo qura. Buugga oo kaamil ah waxaa laga dalban karaa canaawiinta kuor ku xusan.
Part I: Social Restructuring
Table of Contents
1 Preface 4
2 Introduction 7
3 Dependable Security 17
4 Social Leadership 29
5 Fire Arms Registration 33
6 Information Services 35
7 Public Registration 36
8 Land Registration 40
9 State Restructuring 43
10 Creating Society of Laws 59
11 Urban Restructuring 71
12 The Environment 75
13 Government Restructuring 78
14 The Federalism 82
Part II: Economic Building
13 Permanent Electricity 87
14 National Cash Registration 94
15 Recruiting and Training 96
16 Credit Records 100
17 Proper Taxation 102
18 Incorporating Small Businesses 109
19 2nd Commercial Base 116
20 Co-operative Corporations 119
21 Conclusion 122
Human societies, as they stand today, basically belong to one of two worlds. An organized world and one that is dysfunctional. The organized world is managing success, while the dysfunctional world is managing failure and doing a terrible job at it.
Managing success means dealing with the root cause of problems rather than their symptoms. That is what the advanced world does. Of course, they handle their emergencies as they arise, but they formulate most of their economic, political and social policies with several important things in mind, such as; the constitutional rights of their citizens, long term as well as short term prosperity of their societies, the widely accepted vision for the future held by the majority of their citizens, the shared religious, social and political values approved of by the public, etc.
Managing success requires a constant up front analysis of the issues that are identified as priorities. It involves research, planning, scheduling, and execution of work. Projects and policies do not appear overnight but are methodically planned, budgeted etc. This exercise produces accurate and confident implementation and avoids unnecessary overhead costs or complete project failure in the case of state projects, and negative political or social outcomes in the case of policy. For every project, once the plan is complete, the budget is allocated, and a team with an adequate skill level is assembled, a systematic implementation begins. That is the secret of the success of the organized, and hence, successful world. In fact it is no secret at all! They don’t do anything supernatural; rather, they plan methodically and pursue their goals with the confidence level required.
The dysfunctional world, on the other hand, is missing some or all of the above mentioned ingredients, most importantly, a vision and the discipline to strive towards it. As a result policies and projects are put in place without a clear long term vision or planning and the result, in most cases, does more harm than good. It is this dysfunctional management that condemns some nations to forever circle around tons of problems without taking the proper steps to fix their source.
It is the collective aspirations, dreams and desire of a society that gives it the drive to strive for excellence. These positive emotions must be widely inculcated in the collective psyche of the society if success is to be achieved. It must be fostered in the hearts and minds of the youth through the family, the education system and other institutions so that tomorrow’s leaders are not left without a map. Societies that do not have a common positive vision of what their future should be will soon cease to exist. They are doomed to the dust bin of history for they cannot give any direction to the generations that come after them.
In general, the western world, some Latin American and some Asian nations have succeeded in uniting their citizens behind common goals and, as a result, have set up effective systems with checks and balances although some weaknesses do still exist.
Most third world nations have yet to sort out their organizational priorities or lack the political will and moral leadership to act on them. They are struggling with various levels of dysfunction depending on how far they have fallen off the road to organization. Many of these nations have broken social, economic and political systems that have failed to serve their citizens on many levels. The result is the emergence of crippled economies, morally bankrupt political leaderships and social disorder. So damaging are these problems in some cases that they undermine nationhood itself while corrupting society to the core.
In a dialogue about progress through organization, one nation seems to have fallen completely off the map. It should come as no surprise to the reader as to which nation it is.
Somalia has no political, economic or social system, functioning or otherwise. There is no rule of law governing this nation and from an initial observation one might conclude that there never was. No reliable electricity, running water, sewage system, taxation, customs, coast guard, reliable police forces, railway system, roads, modern airports, just to mention a few challenges.
Ceaseless war fueled by inter-clan hatred has relegated important commercial port cities such as Mogadishu and Kismayu to no-go zones thereby crippling commerce. The most damaging impact on the viability of the nation, however, comes from the mass exodus of its citizens that started in late 1990 and continues to date. At the forefront of this mass migration are the elites of all persuasions; doctors, engineers, economists, teachers and practically the entire middle class. Consequently, the least educated and most violent groups have been left at the helm. These groups have collectively thrown Somalia into a modern Dark Age.
The environment has arguably taken the biggest hit in the decimation of Somalia. The once prosperous Somali wildlife has now been totally destroyed. Forests have been cleared and burned for charcoal exports to the United Arab Emirates. The prolonged feeding frenzy over the unprotected waters of Somalia has inflicted almost irreversible damage to the maritime livelihood. At 3025 km, Somalia’s coast is the longest in Africa. All along these waters, from the Indian Ocean to the Arabian Sea, there is a bee-hive activity of illegal fishing going on twenty-four-seven. This unlawful fishing practice committed by some foreign fish processing entities with the use of universally prohibited fishing nets have made the Somali marine population all but extinct.
Somali fishermen frequently spot unknown ships sailing along the shore, dumping poisonous chemical and radioactive materials. According to their testimonies which are regularly featured on Somali news outlets, the ships are armed and dangerous. They would fire live rounds at any vessel that gets close enough to observe their activities. This dumping of toxic and radioactive waste in national waters has been linked to the sudden rise in cancer cases, particularly thyroid cancer, and equally sudden increase in babies born with physical and mental defects. The presence of the heavy radioactive emissions and the hazardous chemicals also heralds yet to be realized horrors in the near future as these chemicals find their way into the seafood and seep into the earth thereby corrupting the diet of the whole nation.
We are well versed in the problems of Somalia. Sensible solutions, however, are much less common. Rational thinking, careful deliberation, courage and trust in The Almighty are the sure way out regardless of the enormity of the problems. To envision a lasting solution for the Horn of Africa nation, one must first come to terms with the reality on the ground. Second, one must think of radical approach to the tasks ahead.
The reality on the ground is very different from one commune to the next. While Somalia should be in our thoughts as a single entity, the real solution can only be found when all efforts are shifted towards a bottom-up approach. In other words, encouraging federally connected state level governments is the way to go.
The North took the decentralization principles to the extreme when they renounced Somalia and have been suffering from identity crisis ever since. The southern states have been in our prayers for a while now but we have yet to see any light at the end of the tunnel. There just seems to be no end to the myriad of warring factions driven by feudal clan leaders, religious extremists and opportunistic anarchists that have plagued southern Somalia since the disintegration of the country some 21 years ago.
With that said, the only Somali state that is proper for my pilot state building hypothesis is the State of Puntland. It wholeheartedly believes in the proposed federalism charter, and has shown a willingness to govern itself within the parameters of a federal mandate. To serve as a positive model for useful membership in a federal system, however, Puntland will have to radically rethink its economic, political and social policies in order to place its citizenry on the path to organization and, therefore, prosperity.
It is worth mentioning that Puntland, because of several characteristics, stands to gain the most from the radical reforms that I propose in this book. The most notable of these characteristics is its strategic geographical location as the actual “Horn” of Africa, at once embracing the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea, playing host to the Gulf of Aden, one of the most important commercial sea routes in the world.
Benjamin Franklin once said “the definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over and expecting different results”. Expecting positive changes to happen miraculously while making no effort is a loser’s game. A struggle towards constructive changes has to materialize and it should start from the bottom. People need to overcome the fear of the unknown that ties them to the status-quo and keeps them prisoners to a miserable past. It’s more of a psychological challenge than it is a physical one for the people of this state to get out of their misery. They have to be mentally prepared in order to make use of the changes that are proposed in this book.
The lion’s share of responsibility for this change should be shouldered by the state. A broad public information and education initiative would be the most powerful weapon in the states arsenal to accomplish many of the needed societal changes in order to make the public a valuable partner in the struggle for progress.
Communicating with the public, even about seemingly minor issues can yield enormous benefits. In the United States of America, for example, there was a time when people bathed as little as only 10 times a year. As a result diseases would spread effortlessly and quickly turn into epidemics, causing mass deaths because of the lack of common hygiene. To improve the deteriorating public health situation, the United States government launched a public education campaign, encouraging its citizens to take at least one bath a day and it worked well. Because of this, disease levels went down dramatically and the general health of the public improved. This is just one example of many public education and information initiatives that the U.S. government continues to carry out for the benefit of Americans. Governments in the organized world regularly conduct awareness campaigns in order to make their citizens more informed of opportunities and dangers that can affect the common welfare of the nation one way or the other.
Following these examples, the Puntland state government must come up with a radical, but harmonious massive social and economic reform plan and preach to the public about it in an effective way. The state must send well trained, well programmed and loyal delegates to every city and town with its message. The delegates should explain the new nation-building program in a positive way and make the people sign on to it. At the end of the education campaign the public at large should have at least an elementary understanding of what the challenges are and how to meet them. They must have a common vision of what their future prosperity should look like. When the time is right and the government is convinced that the public understands the challenges ahead and the necessary sacrifices that will be demanded of them, the government should hold a referendum on its radical restructuring plan. If mandated, the government must unfold its blueprint for nation building and go for it.
I AbdulRehman Sh. Mohamed – Gablax am presenting this new socio-economic development paper for the Puntland State of Somalia. This nation building draft will require great leadership that can implement it. A leadership that is honest, skillful, patient, trustworthy, delegating, and most of all, brave enough to confront mischief. This leadership will have to make a significant effort to make itself appealing to the masses, thereby, cultivating good will and loyalty. This will prove to be the stumbling block in the effort to get started on the way to organization.
It should be noted that Somalis under the age of 40 have never known a government they can be proud of. Moreover, those under 20 have never seen the benefits of a Somali government in their entire lives. If a new, persuasive leadership can present its vision in an organized way and is able to build an image that suggests high standards in people‘s minds, the masses will believe in it and its mission will become a great success.
Before we start, it should be made clear that this discourse is open to and welcomes criticism. Indeed, my hope is that this work can constitute the genesis of a nationwide dialogue involving students, educators and the intellectual community to identify the challenges that face us as a nation and to prescribe remedies to them. The book’s purpose is to draw a sketch for the future possibilities and shed light on the opportunities that exist as well as the futility of staying on the current course. It is by no means a complete work and will certainly need to be improved with a second edition. If this book can have the effect of planting the seeds of progressive thinking that will precipitate a significant turn-around in the way our societies are structured and managed, it will have been well worth my humble effort.